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Prevalence and risk associations of mild cognitive impairment in community-dwelling elderly people

By
Yairelys Espinosa Ferro ,
Yairelys Espinosa Ferro

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río. Policlínico Comunitario Elena Fernández Castro. Los Palacios. Pinar del Río, Cuba, Cuba

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Daisy Mesa Trujillo ,
Daisy Mesa Trujillo

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río Sectorial Municipal de Salud Los Palacios. Pinar del Río, Cuba

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Juan Jesús Llibre ,
Juan Jesús Llibre

Policlínico docente de Playa. La Habana, Cuba

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Abstract

Introduction: Mild cognitive impairment includes for diagnosis memory complaints, preferably corroborated by an informant; memory impairment according to age and education; preserved general cognitive function; intact activities of daily living; and no evidence of dementia. Objective: To determine the prevalence and risk associations of mild cognitive impairment in community-dwelling elderly.
Methods: This is an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted from January to December 2019. The population consisted of 150 elderly people aged 65 years old from the family medical office No.1 of Los Palacios municipality.
Results: Female sex, age group 80 years and older, medium level of schooling, marital status without a partner, physical inactivity, hypertension, smoking, depression and insomnia were predominant and there were also affectations in immediate and mediate memory. Age and history of stroke were risk factors with statistical significance, while educational level was a protective factor.
Conclusions: The preservation of cognitive functions is a necessary condition to develop an independent and productive life, so intervention strategies are needed to improve the quality of life of the elderly.

How to Cite

1.
Espinosa Ferro Y, Mesa Trujillo D, Llibre JJ. Prevalence and risk associations of mild cognitive impairment in community-dwelling elderly people. Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation / Rehabilitacion Interdisciplinaria [Internet]. 2022 Oct. 28 [cited 2024 Jul. 15];2:12. Available from: https://ri.saludcyt.ar/index.php/ri/article/view/12

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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