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Characteristics of the Dementia Syndrome in Primary Health Care

By
Amalia Matos-Rodríguez ,
Amalia Matos-Rodríguez

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Guantánamo, Hospital General Docente “Dr. Agosthino Neto. Guantánamo, Cuba

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Sorelis Sargenton-Savon ,
Sorelis Sargenton-Savon

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Guantánamo, Hospital General Docente “Dr. Agosthino Neto. Guantánamo, Cuba

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Yunaisys Mosqueda-Lobaina ,
Yunaisys Mosqueda-Lobaina

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Guantánamo, Hospital General Docente “Dr. Agosthino Neto. Guantánamo, Cuba

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Eduardo Enrique Chibas-Muñoz ,
Eduardo Enrique Chibas-Muñoz

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Guantánamo, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas de Guantánamo. Guantánamo, Cuba

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Abstract

Introduction: dementia is one of the most important organic brain disorders. It manifests itself chronically and progressively, with the presence of alterations in cognitive functions such as memory, thought, orientation, calculation, language and learning capacity without having to produce, in principle, a disorder in consciousness.
Objective: to characterize patients diagnosed with dementia syndrome in the Geriatrics Clinic of the "Asdrúbal López Vázquez" Polyclinic in Guantánamo during the period from June 2019 to July 2021.
Methods: an observational, descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in the "Asdrúbal López Vázquez" Polyclinic in the municipality and province of Guantánamo. In the statistical analysis, the variables sex, age group, school level, toxic habits, family pathological history, personal pathological history, cognitive impairment group according to the Minimental Test Examination, the level of independence of the patients according to the Katz index and the index of Lautow, through the SPSS 23.0 statistical package, descriptive indicators were obtained, as well as totals and percentages.
Result: according to the results of the Folstein Mini Mental Test and Sex, we found a predominance of the female sex in the group with cognitive impairment with 21.7% (17), it can be seen that the school level is statistically significant (p= 0.001) to talk about dementia syndrome, low school level has 5.53 times more risk (RR=5.5).
Conclusions: the female sex, low school level, smoking and arterial hypertension are risk factors for cognitive impairment.

How to Cite

1.
Matos-Rodríguez A, Sargenton-Savon S, Mosqueda-Lobaina Y, Chibas-Muñoz EE. Characteristics of the Dementia Syndrome in Primary Health Care. Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation / Rehabilitacion Interdisciplinaria [Internet]. 2023 Jun. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 15];3:45. Available from: https://ri.saludcyt.ar/index.php/ri/article/view/45

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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