Interdisciplinary Exploration of the Impact of Job Stress on Teachers' Lives




work stress, prevention, quality of life, integrated approach


Work stress is an increasingly frequent and growing phenomenon in today's society, where speed and impatience to constantly face new challenges and challenges in professional, family and social life prevail. In the world of work, responsibilities, constant transformations, making difficult decisions and the demands of technological development can be sources of stress for education professionals, which is why learning to identify work stressors, identifying the signs of stress, managing to prevent them and developing the right strategies for their management is becoming an increasingly important priority for both teachers and educational institutions due to the costs they entail. This article contextualizes the Cuban scenario where our teachers work, identifies the main causes of stress at work, the conflicts, the physical and emotional symptoms it brings with it and highlights the importance of self-care to maintain the quality of life of education workers and make the educational institution a healthy space. The research is based on the dialectical-materialistic approach, theoretical, empirical and mathematical statistical methods were used in the different stages of the study, and the bibliographic file technique was used for the critical study of the documents.


Metrics Loading ...


Edwards JR. The determinants and consequences of coping with stress. En: Cooper CL, Payne R, editores. Causes, Coping and Consequences of Stress at Work. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1988.

Lazarus R, Folkman S. Estrés y procesos cognitivos. Barcelona: Editorial Martínez Roca; 1986.

Levi L. Factores psicosociales, estrés y salud. En: Trabajo OI, editor. Enciclopedia de salud y seguridad en el trabajo. Ginebra: OIT; 1998. pp. 3-34.

Maslach C, Schaufeli WB, Leiter MP. Job burnout. Annual Review of Psychology. 2001 [citado 12 Mar 2020]; 52:397-422. Disponible en:

Robinson LE, Valido A, Drescher A, Woolweaver AB, Espelage DL, LoMurray S, et al. Teachers, Stress, and the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Analysis. School Mental Health 2023;15:78-89.

Jakubowski TD, Sitko-Dominik MM. Teachers’ mental health during the first two waves of the COVID-19 pandemic in Poland. PLOS ONE 2021;16:e0257252.

Shah UN, Gupta S, Koshy B. El impacto del entrenamiento en mindfulness para enfermeras en la reducción del estrés y la mejora del bienestar. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología 2023;3:446-446.

Jimenez E. Impact of Mental Health and Stress Level of Teachers to Learning Resource Development 2021.

Baker CN, Peele H, Daniels M, Saybe M, Whalen K, Overstreet S, et al. The Experience of COVID-19 and Its Impact on Teachers’ Mental Health, Coping, and Teaching. School Psychology Review 2021;50:491-504.

Gosnell NM, O’Neal CR, Atapattu R. Stress, mental health, and self-care among refugee teachers in Malaysia. Asian American Journal of Psychology 2021;12:176-92.

Roeser RW, Mashburn AJ, Skinner EA, Choles JR, Taylor C, Rickert NP, et al. Mindfulness training improves middle school teachers’ occupational health, well-being, and interactions with students in their most stressful classrooms. Journal of Educational Psychology 2022;114:408-25.

Serrano EAG, Murcia JM, Briñez MHG, Ayala BEC. Estrés reto-obstáculo y pérdida de productividad y actividad: un análisis correlacional enfocado en el personal de enfermería. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología 2022;2:155-155.

Lakeman R, Coutts R, Hutchinson M, Massey D, Nasrawi D, Fielden J, et al. Stress, distress, disorder and coping: the impact of anonymous student evaluation of teaching on the health of higher education teachers. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education 2022;47:1489-500.

Shinan-Altman S, Levkovich I. Are Personal Resources and Perceived Stress Associated with Psychological Outcomes among Israeli Teachers during the Third COVID-19 Lockdown? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2022;19:5634.

Carroll A, Sanders-O’Connor E, Forrest K, Fynes-Clinton S, York A, Ziaei M, et al. Improving Emotion Regulation, Well-being, and Neuro-cognitive Functioning in Teachers: a Matched Controlled Study Comparing the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction and Health Enhancement Programs. Mindfulness 2022;13:123-44.

Marshall DT, Pressley T, Neugebauer NM, Shannon DM. Why teachers are leaving and what we can do about it. Phi Delta Kappan 2022;104:6-11.

Lascano IA, Acurio EV, López JH, Garcia DM, Jiménez EA, Sevilla VC. Asociación del nivel de estrés con el desarrollo del síndrome metabólico en el personal de salud. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología 2023;3:386-386.

Biernat E, Piątkowska M, Rozpara M. Is the Prevalence of Low Physical Activity among Teachers Associated with Depression, Anxiety, and Stress? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2022;19:8868.

Eddy CL, Herman KC, Huang F, Reinke WM. Evaluation of a bibliotherapy-based stress intervention for teachers. Teaching and Teacher Education 2022;109:103543.

Ogakwu NV, Ede MO, Manafa I, Ede KR, Omeke F, Agu PU, et al. Occupational health coaching for job stress management among technical college teachers: Implications for educational administrators. Medicine (Baltimore) 2023;102:e32463.

Nuñez JMA, Balarezo GMS, Garcés MGP, Supe FAS. Carga laboral en áreas críticas y “TISS 28”. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología 2023;3:385-385.

Moreno B, Báez C. Factores y riesgos psicosociales, formas, consecuencias, medidas y buenas prácticas. Madrid: Universidad Autónoma de Madrid; 2010.

Organización Internacional del Trabajo. OIT. Estrés en el Trabajo: Un Reto Colectivo; 2016 [citado 12 Mar 2020]:2-18. Disponible en:

Organización Mundial de la Salud. Constitución de la Organización Mundial de la Salud. 1948. Disponible en:

Romero G. ¿Impacta el mobbing en los testigos?: Un estudio observacional en el personal de enfermería de un hospital del conurbano bonaerense. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología 2021;1:6-6.

Sauter S, Murphy L, Hurrell J, Levi L. Factores de riesgos psicosociales y de organización. En: Trabajo OI, editor. Enciclopedia de salud y seguridad en el trabajo. España: Ministerio del Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales; 1998.

Selye H. La tensión en la vida (el estrés). Argentina: Compañía General Fabril Editora; 1960.



How to Cite

Veloz Montano M de las N, González Martínez M de la C, Pérez Lemus L. Interdisciplinary Exploration of the Impact of Job Stress on Teachers’ Lives. Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation / Rehabilitacion Interdisciplinaria [Internet]. 2023 Aug. 27 [cited 2023 Dec. 7];3:57. Available from: