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Clinical-epidemiological characterization of suicide attempts

By
Anaisa Rodríguez Zamora ,
Anaisa Rodríguez Zamora

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río. Policlínico Comunitario Fermín Valdés Domínguez, Viñales. Pinar del Río, Cuba

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Ramona Páez Miranda ,
Ramona Páez Miranda

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río. Policlínico Comunitario Fermín Valdés Domínguez, Viñales. Pinar del Río, Cuba

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Ivis Anabel Rodríguez Cruz ,
Ivis Anabel Rodríguez Cruz

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río. Policlínico Universitario Pedro Borras Astorga, Pinar del Río. Pinar del Río, Cuba

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Yohandra Suárez López ,
Yohandra Suárez López

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río. Policlínico Universitario Pedro Borras Astorga, Pinar del Río. Pinar del Río, Cuba

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Milexis Sánchez Pedroso ,
Milexis Sánchez Pedroso

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río. Policlínico Universitario Pedro Borras Astorga, Pinar del Río. Pinar del Río, Cuba

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Lesvya Portales Robaina ,
Lesvya Portales Robaina

Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río. Policlínico Universitario Pedro Borras Astorga, Pinar del Río. Pinar del Río, Cuba

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Abstract

Introduction: at present, suicide is one of the ten leading causes of death in most countries.
Objective: to characterize clinically and epidemiologically the suicide attempt in the municipality of Viñales in the period from 2015 to 2018.
Method: an observational, descriptive and transversal study was carried out, the universe and the sample coincided in number (80), selected by a simple non-probabilistic random sampling, theoretical, empirical methods were applied when reviewing clinical and family health histories, in addition a structured interview and the family functioning test were applied; the data were processed and taken to tables for better interpretation, a statistical study given in absolute and relative numbers was applied.
Results: there was a predominance of female sex and age group between 25-59 years, most of them had finished high school, were married and workers, the most used suicidal methods were the soft ones, the severity of the circumstances was low, the greatest number of patients showed seriousness of intention, depression was the most frequent risk factor and family functioning was moderately functional families.
Conclusions: suicide attempts constitute a health problem in the population of Viñales, risk factors should be identified in order to carry out health actions aimed at prevention.

How to Cite

1.
Rodríguez Zamora A, Páez Miranda R, Rodríguez Cruz IA, Suárez López Y, Sánchez Pedroso M, Portales Robaina L. Clinical-epidemiological characterization of suicide attempts. Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation / Rehabilitacion Interdisciplinaria [Internet]. 2022 Nov. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 15];2:20. Available from: https://ri.saludcyt.ar/index.php/ri/article/view/20

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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