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Published January 1, 2024

Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation / Rehabilitación Interdisciplinaria

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Editorial Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología

Title:

Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation / Rehabilitacion Interdisciplinaria

ISSN-L: 2953-5069

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2024-04-01 Original
Motor behavior improvement in ischemic gerbils by cholinergic receptor activation and treadmill training

By Lucas Hipolito do Espírito Santo, Kelly Zhang, Takae Tamy Kitabatake, Manoela Gallon Pitta, Gustavo Henrique de Mello Rosa, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro, João Eduardo de Araujo

Introduction: Treadmill exercise training is one of the most investigated non-pharmacological treatment options for experimental brain ischemia. However, the cholinergic system is essential for improving motor behavior responses.
Objective: To analyze the effects of a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonist (1, 2, and 4 mg/kg) on the motor behavior of ischemic gerbils subjected to forced treadmill training.
Methods: In this experimental study, 72 gerbils, weighing 65–80 g, were divided into eight groups: Sal, Ni1, Ni2, Ni4, I, INi1, INi2, and INi4. Behavioral assessment was initiated 24 hours after the last motor stimulation on the treadmill. Rotarod test (RR) was employed to analyze animal behavior. The data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and the Newman-Keuls post hoc test evidenced differences detected between groups.
Results: Data regarding the RR test revealed decreased time spent on the RR apparatus for the Ni1, Ni4, and I groups compared to the Sal and Ni2 groups. However, the INi1 and INi2 groups showed increased time spent compared with the ischemia and INi4 groups (F7,64=4.63; p<0.05).
Conclusions: The present study indicates that treadmill training with a concomitant 1 and 2 mg/kg of nAChR agonist effectively improves the behavior of ischemic gerbils.

2024-04-29 Review
Artificial Intelligence in Sports: Data Analysis to Enhance Training

By Efrén Mesías Palacios Zumba, Vicente Anderson Aguinda Cajape, Jorge Luis Serrano Aguilar, Liliana Elizabeth Villagomez Arias, Zoila Esther Realpe Zambrano, Jaime Reinaldo Ramírez Guamán, Richar Jacobo Posso Pacheco

The objective of this article was to explore the role of artificial intelligence in the field of sports, focusing on data analysis to enhance training. A literature review was conducted to examine different artificial intelligence algorithms to identify patterns and trends that enable the application of effective and personalized training strategies. Additionally, practical and ethical implications of using artificial intelligence in sports were discussed, along with potential future directions for interdisciplinary research and sports development. In conclusion, the transformative potential of artificial intelligence in sports is revealed, emphasizing its ability to personalize training and enhance athlete performance.

 

2024-06-21 Systematic reviews or meta-analyses
Effects of testosterone and physical exercise on muscle mass increase and fat tissue reduction: systematic review

By Ruan Franck Henriques Duque, José Vicente Postorivo Nauman

Background: In this systematic review, the authors have examined the effects of physical exercise on serum testosterone levels. Due to the differing ages and physical conditions of the individuals studied and the various protocols used, the results obtained are highly controversial. Nevertheless, it is noteworthy that there is a significant increase in plasma testosterone levels when exercises of submaximal and maximal intensity are performed. Conversely, a significant decrease in this hormone occurs when exercise is prolonged to exhaustion, both in young and adult individuals, being more pronounced in those better conditioned. Objectives: To investigate the potential effects of testosterone treatment in combination with physical exercise in achieving an increase in muscle mass volume and tissue loss. Material and methods: A systematic review of the literature was conducted using PubMed/Medline, Scielo, SCALE, and Google Scholar databases from inception to October 2023. Clinical trials were sought using keywords related to testosterone, BMI, and steroids. This review included clinical studies whose primary objective is to investigate the potential effects of testosterone treatment in combination with physical exercise for gaining muscle mass volume and tissue loss. Results: Exercise of submaximal and maximal intensity consistently increased plasma testosterone levels, while prolonged exercise leading to exhaustion showed a significant decrease, especially in wellconditioned individuals. However, the overall impact of testosterone treatment combined with exercise on muscle mass gain and tissue loss remains inconclusive and necessitates further rigorous investigation through controlled clinical trials. Conclusion: the literature review suggests a need for further rigorous clinical trials to ascertain the efficacy and safety of such combined interventions, considering potential adverse events associated with testosterone treatment.

2024-03-11 Case Report
Physiotherapy for Alzheimer’s Disease: A Case Report

By Ambreen Fatima, Pragnya Jyoti Dash, Sachin Gupta, Sumera Khan

Alzheimer's disease is a progressive neurological condition characterized by brain changes resulting in the accumulation of specific proteins, leading to brain shrinkage and eventual cell death. It is the primary cause of dementia, resulting in a gradual decline in memory, cognition, behaviour, and social skills, impairing overall functionality. The case study involves an 84-year-old woman displaying symptoms of Alzheimer's disease requiring physiotherapy rehabilitation. Assessment reveals joint pain, abnormal gait, respiratory issues due to pneumonia, reduced balance and cognitive function, concentration difficulties, impaired decision-making, fluctuating moods, and behavioural issues such as depression and aggression. Physical examination shows shoulder shrugging and slight tension in the upper trapezius muscle. The rehabilitation program involves various interventions like stretching, strengthening, aerobic exercises, breathing exercises, lung clearance techniques, active range of motion exercises, postural control, and gait training. The role of the physiotherapist is to address the both physical and cognitive decline and improve mood and behaviour.

2024-02-11 Short communications
Effects of Cholinergic Receptor Activation and Magnetic Fields on Motor Behavior in Ischemic Gerbils: Effects of Cholinergic Receptor Activation and Magnetic Fields

By Manoela Gallon Pitta, Kelly Zhang, Gustavo Henrique de Mello Rosa, Lucas Hipolito do Espírito Santo, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro, João Eduardo de Araujo

Introduction: Ischemic stroke stands as a leading global cause of death and disability, prompting the need for animal model experiments in stroke research and the protection of motor function. Recently, magnetic fields have gained significant interest in various biological contexts, showing promise in preserving neurons and reversing behavioral and morphological changes in stroke models. This study explores the potential synergy between static magnetic field and nAChR agonist administration in safeguarding motor behavior in ischemic gerbils.
Objective: To determine whether the combined use of a static magnetic field and an agonist for nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) can preserve motor behavior in ischemic gerbils.
Methods: In this experimental study, 72 Mongolian gerbils were randomly allocated into nine groups (n=8): S, SISM, SINSM, ISM, INP, ISP, INSM, INNP, INSP, distributed according to surgical procedure and treatment. The animals were trained and evaluated on the Rotarod (RR) to assess motor performance.
Results: The main finding was the preservation of motor behavior in the Sham Ischemia and Nicotine and Sham Magnetic Stimulation (SINSM) and Ischemia and Nicotine and South Pole Magnetic Field (INSP) groups, as evidenced by the results of the RR test.
Conclusions: The findings are consistent with previous literature and provide insight into the mechanism of potentiation, as results showed that adding a nAChR agonist to the magnetic field preserved motor performance in the RR test of ischemic animals.

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2024-04-01 Original Scientific Articles

By Lucas Hipolito do Espírito Santo, Kelly Zhang, Takae Tamy Kitabatake, Manoela Gallon Pitta, Gustavo Henrique de Mello Rosa, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro, João Eduardo de Araujo

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