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Published January 1, 2024

Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation / Rehabilitación Interdisciplinaria

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Editorial Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología

Title:

Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation / Rehabilitacion Interdisciplinaria

ISSN-L: 2953-5069

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2024-01-02 Original
Smartphone use: implications for musculoskeletal symptoms and socio-demographic characteristics in students

By Fagner Luiz Pacheco Salles, Murylo Feitanin Basso, Alexia Leonel

Introduction: smartphone use has substantially increased in the past decade, becoming an important part in population's usual activities, but the relationship between smartphone addiction, smartphone use, and neck disability in adults remains uncertain. The objective of this study: (1) investigate the association between neck disability and smartphone use time with socio-demographic characteristics, musculoskeletal symptoms, and smartphone addiction among university students; and (2) assess the association between smartphone addiction with socio-demographic characters, musculoskeletal symptoms.
Methods: 228 students (74 males and 154 females; average age 29.41 years old) were enrolled in the study. Participants answered questions about sociodemographic characteristics, smartphone time use, smartphone addiction (SAS-SV), musculoskeletal symptoms in the neck and upper limb, and neck disability (NDI).
Results: individuals with neck disability were associated with, gender, general health, presence of neck and shoulder pain, and smartphone addiction. More time spent on smartphones was associated with some socio-demographic characteristics, the presence of shoulder pain, and smartphone addiction.
Conclusions: smartphone addiction was associated with lower age, higher educational level, neck disability, and smartphone time use in students.

2024-01-06 Review
Innovating in Mental Health: Metacognitive Psychotherapy

By Lucía Ramírez P

This paper is a comprehensive review of the historical and conceptual development of psychotherapy, highlighting its evolution from a predominantly biological approach to a more integrative one that includes psychological and therapeutic methods. Psychotherapy, derived from the Greek roots "psyche" (mind) and "therapeia" (treatment), focuses on the treatment of mental and emotional problems through various psychological techniques. Originating from different psychological theories, psychotherapy has evolved into a diversified field with multiple approaches, including biological, behavioral, cognitive, and humanistic-existentialist. The history of mental health treatments is addressed, from ancient practices based on magic and bodily moods to the development of more modern techniques such as animal magnetism, hypnosis, and behavioral therapy. The contemporary approach to psychotherapy recognizes the importance of cognitions and metacognitions in mental health. Third-generation therapies, such as Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy, emphasize the importance of context and adaptability in the treatment of mental disorders.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, autoimmune, and systemic inflammatory disease that mainly affects diarthrodial joints. Its global prevalence is 0.5-1% in adults, increasing to 5% in women over 55 years old. RA reduces the quality of life and life expectancy by 3-10 years, mainly due to associated cardiovascular diseases. Current treatment is based on initiating early disease-modifying therapy with the goal of suppressing inflammation, inducing remission, preventing joint damage, and improving functionality. Antirheumatic medications include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticoids, non-biological immunosuppressants like methotrexate, and biological immunomodulators such as anti-TNF or anti-interleukins, which have shown high clinical effectiveness. However, there is individual variability in therapeutic response, adverse effects, and loss of efficacy over time. This study conducted a systematic literature review following the PRISMA methodology. The search was performed on PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science, using MESH terms and keywords related to rheumatoid arthritis, treatments, effectiveness, and prognostic factors. Studies published between 2015-2022 were included, ultimately selecting 30 articles that met eligibility criteria. The objective of this review was to compile and synthesize available evidence on currently used medications and therapies for rheumatoid arthritis, factors associated with therapeutic success, and the most frequently reported complications or adverse effects. The results contribute to enhancing treatment strategies, considering a personalized approach based on each patient's needs.

2024-03-11 Case Report
Physiotherapy for Alzheimer’s Disease: A Case Report

By Ambreen Fatima, Pragnya Jyoti Dash, Sachin Gupta, Sumera Khan

Alzheimer's disease is a progressive neurological condition characterized by brain changes resulting in the accumulation of specific proteins, leading to brain shrinkage and eventual cell death. It is the primary cause of dementia, resulting in a gradual decline in memory, cognition, behaviour, and social skills, impairing overall functionality. The case study involves an 84-year-old woman displaying symptoms of Alzheimer's disease requiring physiotherapy rehabilitation. Assessment reveals joint pain, abnormal gait, respiratory issues due to pneumonia, reduced balance and cognitive function, concentration difficulties, impaired decision-making, fluctuating moods, and behavioural issues such as depression and aggression. Physical examination shows shoulder shrugging and slight tension in the upper trapezius muscle. The rehabilitation program involves various interventions like stretching, strengthening, aerobic exercises, breathing exercises, lung clearance techniques, active range of motion exercises, postural control, and gait training. The role of the physiotherapist is to address the both physical and cognitive decline and improve mood and behaviour.

2024-02-11 Short communications
Effects of Cholinergic Receptor Activation and Magnetic Fields on Motor Behavior in Ischemic Gerbils: Effects of Cholinergic Receptor Activation and Magnetic Fields

By Manoela Gallon Pitta, Kelly Zhang, Gustavo Henrique de Mello Rosa, Lucas Hipolito do Espírito Santo, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro, João Eduardo de Araujo

Introduction: Ischemic stroke stands as a leading global cause of death and disability, prompting the need for animal model experiments in stroke research and the protection of motor function. Recently, magnetic fields have gained significant interest in various biological contexts, showing promise in preserving neurons and reversing behavioral and morphological changes in stroke models. This study explores the potential synergy between static magnetic field and nAChR agonist administration in safeguarding motor behavior in ischemic gerbils.
Objective: To determine whether the combined use of a static magnetic field and an agonist for nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) can preserve motor behavior in ischemic gerbils.
Methods: In this experimental study, 72 Mongolian gerbils were randomly allocated into nine groups (n=8): S, SISM, SINSM, ISM, INP, ISP, INSM, INNP, INSP, distributed according to surgical procedure and treatment. The animals were trained and evaluated on the Rotarod (RR) to assess motor performance.
Results: The main finding was the preservation of motor behavior in the Sham Ischemia and Nicotine and Sham Magnetic Stimulation (SINSM) and Ischemia and Nicotine and South Pole Magnetic Field (INSP) groups, as evidenced by the results of the RR test.
Conclusions: The findings are consistent with previous literature and provide insight into the mechanism of potentiation, as results showed that adding a nAChR agonist to the magnetic field preserved motor performance in the RR test of ischemic animals.

Current Issue
2024-01-02 Original Scientific Articles

By Fagner Luiz Pacheco Salles, Murylo Feitanin Basso, Alexia Leonel

2024-05-20 Original Scientific Articles

By Yanet Ortega Dugrot, Julieth Suárez Oceguera, Georgina Maritza López Pumar, Pedro Irán Gort Iglesias, Osmany Alonso Ayala, Roselia Inés Bustamante Rojas

2024-06-14 Original Scientific Articles

By Alejandro Labrador Parra, Evelin Escalona, Francisco Burgos Navarrete

2024-01-03 Original Scientific Articles

By Norma Beatriz Ríos, Celeste Macarena Arteaga, Yureny González Arias, Aylen Ayelen Martínez, Melina Hitomi Nogawa, Ayelen Macarena Quinteros, Carlos Jesús Canova Barrios

2024-04-01 Original Scientific Articles

By Lucas Hipolito do Espírito Santo, Kelly Zhang, Takae Tamy Kitabatake, Manoela Gallon Pitta, Gustavo Henrique de Mello Rosa, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro, João Eduardo de Araujo

2024-01-06 Original Scientific Articles

By Lucía Ramírez P

2024-04-29 Original Scientific Articles

By Efrén Mesías Palacios Zumba, Vicente Anderson Aguinda Cajape, Jorge Luis Serrano Aguilar, Liliana Elizabeth Villagomez Arias, Zoila Esther Realpe Zambrano, Jaime Reinaldo Ramírez Guamán, Richar Jacobo Posso Pacheco

2024-02-18 Original Scientific Articles

By Melissa Stefania Cruz Puerto, María Sandín Vázquez

2024-03-11 Original Scientific Articles

By Ambreen Fatima, Pragnya Jyoti Dash, Sachin Gupta, Sumera Khan

2024-02-11 Original Scientific Articles

By Manoela Gallon Pitta, Kelly Zhang, Gustavo Henrique de Mello Rosa, Lucas Hipolito do Espírito Santo, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro, João Eduardo de Araujo

2023-12-31 Original Scientific Articles

By Mohammad Sidiq, Aksh Chahal, Sachin Gupta, Krishna Reddy Vajrala

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