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Innovating in Mental Health: Metacognitive Psychotherapy

Lucía Ramírez P ,
Lucía Ramírez P

Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. México

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This paper is a comprehensive review of the historical and conceptual development of psychotherapy, highlighting its evolution from a predominantly biological approach to a more integrative one that includes psychological and therapeutic methods. Psychotherapy, derived from the Greek roots "psyche" (mind) and "therapeia" (treatment), focuses on the treatment of mental and emotional problems through various psychological techniques. Originating from different psychological theories, psychotherapy has evolved into a diversified field with multiple approaches, including biological, behavioral, cognitive, and humanistic-existentialist. The history of mental health treatments is addressed, from ancient practices based on magic and bodily moods to the development of more modern techniques such as animal magnetism, hypnosis, and behavioral therapy. The contemporary approach to psychotherapy recognizes the importance of cognitions and metacognitions in mental health. Third-generation therapies, such as Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy, emphasize the importance of context and adaptability in the treatment of mental disorders.

How to Cite

Ramírez P L. Innovating in Mental Health: Metacognitive Psychotherapy. Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation / Rehabilitacion Interdisciplinaria [Internet]. 2024 Jan. 6 [cited 2024 Jun. 25];4:74. Available from:

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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