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Vol. 4 (2024)

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Authors in this issue:

Norma Beatriz Ríos, Celeste Macarena Arteaga, Yureny González Arias, Aylen Ayelen Martínez, Melina Hitomi Nogawa, Ayelen Macarena Quinteros, Carlos Jesús Canova Barrios Fagner Luiz Pacheco Salles, Murylo Feitanin Basso, Alexia Leonel Melissa Stefania Cruz Puerto, María Sandín Vázquez Lucía Ramírez P Jonathan Rocha Manoela Gallon Pitta, Kelly Zhang, Gustavo Henrique de Mello Rosa, Lucas Hipolito do Espírito Santo, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro, João Eduardo de Araujo Mohammad Sidiq, Aksh Chahal, Sachin Gupta, Krishna Reddy Vajrala ,

Published: January 1, 2024

Contents

2024-01-03 Original
Self-medication in nursing students

Objective: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with the practice of self-medication among undergraduate nursing students at a private institution in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Methodology: Descriptive, quantitative, and cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 99 nursing students who were administered a self-medication instrument.

Results: A total of 99 students aged between 25 and 35 years were interviewed. Most of them were female (82.83%) and in their first year of study (29.29%). The prevalence of self-medication was 100%. Television and social networks were the main sources of information about medicines; the symptoms that motivated self-medication were pain and cold, and consequently the most used medicines were analgesics (82.83%) and anti-influenza medicines (78.79%). When asked where they obtained the medicines, 79.80% obtained them from pharmacies and 48.48% from relatives.

Conclusions: The prevalence of self-medication was high and was mainly related to the availability of economic resources to access medicines and the possibility of buying them at the pharmacy without a prescription. It is necessary to implement activities to guarantee the responsible use of medicines among nursing students.

By Norma Beatriz Ríos, Celeste Macarena Arteaga, Yureny González Arias, Aylen Ayelen Martínez, Melina Hitomi Nogawa, Ayelen Macarena Quinteros, Carlos Jesús Canova Barrios

2024-01-02 Original
Smartphone use: implications for musculoskeletal symptoms and socio-demographic characteristics in students

Introduction: smartphone use has substantially increased in the past decade, becoming an important part in population's usual activities, but the relationship between smartphone addiction, smartphone use, and neck disability in adults remains uncertain. The objective of this study: (1) investigate the association between neck disability and smartphone use time with socio-demographic characteristics, musculoskeletal symptoms, and smartphone addiction among university students; and (2) assess the association between smartphone addiction with socio-demographic characters, musculoskeletal symptoms.
Methods: 228 students (74 males and 154 females; average age 29.41 years old) were enrolled in the study. Participants answered questions about sociodemographic characteristics, smartphone time use, smartphone addiction (SAS-SV), musculoskeletal symptoms in the neck and upper limb, and neck disability (NDI).
Results: individuals with neck disability were associated with, gender, general health, presence of neck and shoulder pain, and smartphone addiction. More time spent on smartphones was associated with some socio-demographic characteristics, the presence of shoulder pain, and smartphone addiction.
Conclusions: smartphone addiction was associated with lower age, higher educational level, neck disability, and smartphone time use in students.

By Fagner Luiz Pacheco Salles, Murylo Feitanin Basso, Alexia Leonel

2024-02-18 Review
Intersection between Autism, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and Immigration: A Scoping Review

Introduction: In recent years, the number of studies investigating a potential connection between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and migration has increased. This article presents a scoping review of the relationship between ASD and migration, focusing on cultural, ethnic factors, and migratory experiences.
Method: A scoping review method was employed, analyzing articles in categories such as cultural influences, barriers, diagnosis, early intervention, parent perspectives, and autism-associated stigma.
Results: The importance of addressing the interaction of cultural, systemic, and individual factors to enhance support and outcomes in individuals and families diagnosed with ASD in immigrant communities is emphasized.
Conclusion: Evidence suggests the existence of common barriers in neurodevelopmental disorders and ASD in migrant populations, including structural, socioeconomic, social, and cultural factors such as lack of medical insurance, service fragmentation, inadequate social support, and a lack of culturally appropriate resources.

By Melissa Stefania Cruz Puerto, María Sandín Vázquez

2024-01-06 Review
Innovating in Mental Health: Metacognitive Psychotherapy

This paper is a comprehensive review of the historical and conceptual development of psychotherapy, highlighting its evolution from a predominantly biological approach to a more integrative one that includes psychological and therapeutic methods. Psychotherapy, derived from the Greek roots "psyche" (mind) and "therapeia" (treatment), focuses on the treatment of mental and emotional problems through various psychological techniques. Originating from different psychological theories, psychotherapy has evolved into a diversified field with multiple approaches, including biological, behavioral, cognitive, and humanistic-existentialist. The history of mental health treatments is addressed, from ancient practices based on magic and bodily moods to the development of more modern techniques such as animal magnetism, hypnosis, and behavioral therapy. The contemporary approach to psychotherapy recognizes the importance of cognitions and metacognitions in mental health. Third-generation therapies, such as Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy, emphasize the importance of context and adaptability in the treatment of mental disorders.

By Lucía Ramírez P

2024-01-15 Systematic reviews or meta-analyses
Current pharmacological therapy for rheumatoid arthritis, factors for its effectiveness and associated complications: systematic review

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, autoimmune, and systemic inflammatory disease that mainly affects diarthrodial joints. Its global prevalence is 0.5-1% in adults, increasing to 5% in women over 55 years old. RA reduces the quality of life and life expectancy by 3-10 years, mainly due to associated cardiovascular diseases. Current treatment is based on initiating early disease-modifying therapy with the goal of suppressing inflammation, inducing remission, preventing joint damage, and improving functionality. Antirheumatic medications include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticoids, non-biological immunosuppressants like methotrexate, and biological immunomodulators such as anti-TNF or anti-interleukins, which have shown high clinical effectiveness. However, there is individual variability in therapeutic response, adverse effects, and loss of efficacy over time. This study conducted a systematic literature review following the PRISMA methodology. The search was performed on PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science, using MESH terms and keywords related to rheumatoid arthritis, treatments, effectiveness, and prognostic factors. Studies published between 2015-2022 were included, ultimately selecting 30 articles that met eligibility criteria. The objective of this review was to compile and synthesize available evidence on currently used medications and therapies for rheumatoid arthritis, factors associated with therapeutic success, and the most frequently reported complications or adverse effects. The results contribute to enhancing treatment strategies, considering a personalized approach based on each patient's needs.

By Jonathan Rocha

2024-02-11 Short communications
Effects of Cholinergic Receptor Activation and Magnetic Fields on Motor Behavior in Ischemic Gerbils: Effects of Cholinergic Receptor Activation and Magnetic Fields

Introduction: Ischemic stroke stands as a leading global cause of death and disability, prompting the need for animal model experiments in stroke research and the protection of motor function. Recently, magnetic fields have gained significant interest in various biological contexts, showing promise in preserving neurons and reversing behavioral and morphological changes in stroke models. This study explores the potential synergy between static magnetic field and nAChR agonist administration in safeguarding motor behavior in ischemic gerbils.
Objective: To determine whether the combined use of a static magnetic field and an agonist for nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) can preserve motor behavior in ischemic gerbils.
Methods: In this experimental study, 72 Mongolian gerbils were randomly allocated into nine groups (n=8): S, SISM, SINSM, ISM, INP, ISP, INSM, INNP, INSP, distributed according to surgical procedure and treatment. The animals were trained and evaluated on the Rotarod (RR) to assess motor performance.
Results: The main finding was the preservation of motor behavior in the Sham Ischemia and Nicotine and Sham Magnetic Stimulation (SINSM) and Ischemia and Nicotine and South Pole Magnetic Field (INSP) groups, as evidenced by the results of the RR test.
Conclusions: The findings are consistent with previous literature and provide insight into the mechanism of potentiation, as results showed that adding a nAChR agonist to the magnetic field preserved motor performance in the RR test of ischemic animals.

By Manoela Gallon Pitta, Kelly Zhang, Gustavo Henrique de Mello Rosa, Lucas Hipolito do Espírito Santo, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro, João Eduardo de Araujo

2023-12-31 Short communications
Advancement, utilization, and future outlook of Artificial Intelligence for physiotherapy clinical trials in India: An overview

As healthcare landscapes evolve, Artificial intelligence (AI) has emerged as a transformative force in physiotherapy research in India. The integration of machine learning algorithms, computer vision, and natural language processing has significantly advanced the analysis of patient data, enabling the prediction of treatment outcomes and personalization of physiotherapy interventions. This overview delves into specific examples of successful AI integration in ongoing clinical trials within the Indian context, showcasing notable improvements in trial efficiency and positive impacts on patient outcomes. Challenges in implementing AI, including data security, ethical considerations, and the need for specialized training, are discussed. Proposed solutions encompass robust data encryption, ethical guidelines, interpretability of AI models, and targeted educational programs for healthcare professionals. Looking forward, the future outlook emphasizes personalized treatment plans, expanded tele physiotherapy using wearable technology, and the integration of augmented and virtual reality. Ethical and regulatory frameworks, continued advancements in robotic assistance, and interdisciplinary collaboration are highlighted as key factors shaping the trajectory of AI in physiotherapy clinical trials in India. The primary objectives of this manuscript are to explore the current state of AI in physiotherapy clinical trials in India, assess its utilization, and discuss the potential future developments in the field.

By Mohammad Sidiq, Aksh Chahal, Sachin Gupta, Krishna Reddy Vajrala

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